Pines of Rome, a four-movement symphonic poem, it is about pine trees in four locations in Rome at different times of the day.
The first movement is Pines of the Villa Borghese.It describes noisy children playing, imitating marching soldiers and singing.The melody, is lively and carefree, following the rhythm of some nursery rhyme such “ring a ring o-roses”.The instruments used are: the hautboy that plays a solo passage, the piano, the trumpet , some flutes and violins and a xylophone.
The second movement is “Pines at a Catacomb”.It describes the pine trees at a catacomba round the Roman countryside.The melody is majestic but steel gloomy and deep and the instruments are the pipe organ and the low stamps, that want to describe the catacomb caratteristics, the Trombones want to remember the singing of priests.
The third movement, a Nocturne, is set at night at the temple of the god Janus of Ancient Rome, located at the foot of the Gianicolo. The passage is introduced with the dripping water from the fountain and the sounds of the birds that Respighi uses for describe real life, technique never practiced before then.The oboe presents a new theme that is taken from a solo cello and then developed by the arches with a large crescendo.The arpeggios of the piano once again propose the trickle of the fountain and lead us to the concluding section when the nightingale’s song is heard, which is lost among the branches of the Pines.
The fourth movement depicts the pines along the ancient Roman consular road via Appia. In a misty dawn, a legion advances along the way in the sunshine of the newly-risen sun.Respighi wanted to make the earth feel shaken in the footsteps of his army and gave the organ the task of describing that sensation. The piece requires the use of the Buccina which are the old trumpets currently represented by the Fluyhorn.The piece concludes with a triumph of trumpets of the Legions on the Capitol.
8th grade Petranova International Institute